Hair Transplant is the procedure in which hair follicles are harvested from the donor area mainly back of the scalp and then transplanted to the bald area or the recipient area. The transplanted hair grows in a natural way as the original ones and thus a bald person gets his hair back. If the science of hairline design is followed during the procedure, this will give an absolutely natural look to the person.
First Hair Transplant was performed by a Japanese doctor, Dr. Shoji Okuda(1886-1962) in 1937. Later Dr. Norman Orentrich described the use of hair transplant in male pattern baldness and gave the theory of “Donor dominance”. The hair in the occipital zone are resistant to the effect of DHT and hence are usually persist for a lifetime. Hair roots taken from this zone is considered as permanent. He demonstrated that the new hair grew and remains there as they would have in the donor area.
Previously Hair Transplant was done by using a method known as “ Punch grafting”. 4.0 mm punch grafts were implanted, this gives the doll-like appearance and unnatural look.
The modern era of Hair Transplant started with the natural result of hair transplant by the implantation of the single follicular unit. The follicular unit can be harvested by one of two methods-
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation or Strip Method)
What is FUT Hair Transplant?
Hair Transplant Stages in FUT
Marking of the strip area – After taking the density of the donor area from the safe zone ( occipital area), calculation of the required grafts is done and the area is marked. We usually prefer to take long strip with less width (1 to 1.5 cm).
Anesthesia- Hair transplant is done under local anesthesia. The patient is fully awake during the procedure. After giving local anesthesia to the skin of the scalp the remaining procedure is almost Pain-free.
Strip Excision- Strip of the skin is excised under all aseptic precaution. Suturing is done and a dressing is applied.
Slivering – This long strip is divided into small slivers, usually one hair graft thick. This is known as slivering. These slivers are then sent for graft dissection.
Graft dissection is done under the stereomicroscope, A healthy graft is a pear-shaped with a small amount of fat under the bulb. A graft may have one to four terminal hair with one or two vellus hair. This is known as “follicular unit”. These follicular units are kept in graft holding solution and are now ready for implantation. At Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Centre we use Plasma with PRP as graft holding solution for providing nutrition and biological atmosphere to the grafts.
Implantation of grafts is done in the premade holes by “No touch to Root technique”. This is the last step of the procedure. After giving instructions, the patient can go home.
Advantages of FUT Hair Transplantation
A most important advantage of FUT is the grafts which are taken by the strip are from the “safest zone of the donor area”. Also called as the sweet area. The grafts taken from this zone persist for a longer period of time.
We can combine FUT with the FUE to cover higher grade of baldness.
Shaving is not compulsory in FUT, only the area from where the strip is taken needs trimming. On the back, the strip area will remain under cover of remaining hair from the very first day of hair transplant.