In recent years hair thinning is increased to many folds both in men and women. When we saw our parents they are having good hair even up to the age of 40 -45 but now hair thinning and hair loss is the problem associated with the young age also and in both sex. What may be the cause?
Modern lifestyle and stress associated with it cause hormonal imbalance which damages hair. This also leads to various other health related problems. Nutritional deficiency also plays its role in hair thinning.
These negative effects on the hair is an ongoing process so if you want to treat your hair thinning problem it is not a one day process it will take a long time but ultimately you will get good results. This will also develop a good habit of living a healthy lifestyle and healthy dietary habits.
Effective step to reduce thinning hair
a) Reduce Stress
Stress is the key factor for a majority of our health problems. It releases various harmful chemicals in the body which affects each and every organ of the body. Try to change your lifestyle, exercise daily, take proper sleep, keep yourself away from negative people.
Exercise must be your daily routine.Endorphins are released during exercise they keep you happy and you can deal with the routine stresses in a better way.
Good sleep is essential to repair all your body parts and proper functioning of the body.6-7 hour sleep is a must. Before going to sleep keep yourself away from negative thoughts and mobile phone.
Think positive should be our motto. So both Physical and mental health has to be in good condition if you want good hair.
b) Healthy Diet
Majority of us know about healthy diet but we are very much reluctant to follow it.
The protein-rich diet is very helpful in improving hair calibre and hair quality. For vegetarians, milk, milk products like cheese, paneer, pulses, sprouted beans are a good source of protein. Non-vegetarians can have eggs, fish and other food also.
When you follow crash dieting for weight reduction, hairs suffers a lot so keep this in mind that high protein and low carbohydrate diet not only reduces your weight but also improves your hair.
Vitamins like B complex, vitamin C and vitamin D also plays important role in hair growth. Iron and some other minerals like zinc are also required for normal functioning of the body.
90% of Indian female is suffering from iron deficiency and this is one of the main cause of their weakness, backache, irritability and hair fall.
You can get this nutrient in Yogurt, Amla, citrus fruits, Jaggery, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, dry fruits etc. Include these in your daily diet and within few months you will find a difference in your hair texture.
c) Take Supplements
Today’s world is full of pollution and adulteration, so the food we are eating is how much safe and contain how many nutrients we don’t know. So this is the main reason for various nutritional deficiencies. Food supplements if taken even in small amounts helps to improve our quality of hair as well as the quality of life.
Vitamin B 12, D, C are must for our hair. They also improve our working efficiency. Similarly essential fatty acids are usually deficient in the vegetarian diet. Omega 3 fatty acids have a well-known role in the heart diseases, it is also important for hair. Role of protein in improving hair quality cannot be replaced by any other nutrient, and it is required for muscles also.
So all the supplements which we are taking for our hair have their good effects on the other body parts also.
d) Use Ph balanced Shampoo
The shampoo is used to clean our hair so it must have the Ph which matches with the hair and skin. Always use Ph balanced shampoo ie acidic (Ph should be around 5.4). These will maintain the normal texture of the hair and improves their shining. If Ph of the shampoo is towards alkaline side ie more than 7 then hair becomes frizzy and dry, they will look like malnourished hair.
e) Avoid Gels and Styling Tools
Styling products and gels are made up of the harmful chemicals, they give short-term happiness if your hair looks good but ultimately they are going to harm the hair and hair fall increases.
Most of the hairstyle product makes the hair rough and dry. It may lead to discolouration also by damaging them. Some person may develop an allergy to them because of the harmful chemicals in it.
You should use natural products for your hair like aloe vera and Coconut oil.
f) Gentle Massage Increase Blood Flow
Massaging the scalp relieves stress, it also increases blood circulation of the scalp. But if massaging is done vigorously than hair shaft gets broken and hair fall increases. Gentle massage can be done with simple coconut oil or any herbal oil.
g) Correction of Hormonal Imbalance
Hypothyroidism, PCOD and Menopause in a female are some of the well known hormonal Imbalance which causes hair fall, correction of these will automatically improve hair.
Genetically prone male have excess hair thinning even with normal testosterone level. So they should consult to their doctor and take medicines to prevent this.
h) FDA Approved Treatment
Minoxidil 5 % and Finasteride 1 mg
These two drugs have USFDA approved treatment for hair fall and thinning. Minoxidil is an antihypertensive drug, when applied locally by the patients it increases blood flow to the scalp and increases the nutrition of the hair follicle. Effect of minoxidil starts in 2-3 months after application. It not only improve the density of hair but also increases its volume by increasing thickness.
i) PRP Treatment
PRP is the Platelet Rich Plasma. The normal concentration of platelets in blood is around 200,000 per cc. In PRP it increases up to 5 fold ie 1000,000 per cc. Platelets releases various growth factors, these stimulate stem cells in the bulge and bulb area(root) of the hair follicle for growth. Results of PRP are very good.
PRP is used in various other modalities like orthopaedics and dentistry.
j) Laser Treatment
LASER for hair growth is cold Laser, they do not heat the tissue and act by increasing ATP production. They have a good effect on patterned hair loss in both male and female. Laser cap and combs are available in the market, which should be used as per instructions are given by the doctor.
It is not necessary that all types of hair loss respond to the hair growth laser.
This treatment should be used as an adjuvant to other treatments like food supplements and PRP.
For the more severe degree of baldness, hair transplant is the only option.