Why the head can itch very much – let’s look at the main causes of itchy scalp and tell you what to do, how to relieve or relieve itching.
An organism is a very complex system where everything is interconnected. It is worth paying attention to all of his signals, as they most often talk about various deviations. Itchy scalp is one of them, the hair itches in cases of the influence of negative factors, both external and internal. It is best to determine the cause and prescribe treatment from hair related doctor.
Main causes of itchy scalp
Well, the most obvious reason for itching in the head, like uncleanliness. It is not strange, but such an easily fixable cause occupies one of the leading places in the occurrence of an itch.
If a sensation of stirring in the hair appears along with the itch, then it is most likely the lice are the cause of the itch. Check it is easy, just ask someone to carefully examine the head, if possible through a magnifying glass.
Pediculosis is transmitted in places of large concentrations of people, in close public transport or in direct contact with things infected (pillow, comb, hat, etc.).
Itching occurs when an adult bites through the skin and secretes an irritating secret.
If lice are not removed in time, the patient combs the wounds on his head, which can fester, and it will be much more difficult to treat them. In addition, there may be fever, itching in the eyes, loss of eyelashes.
Pharmacies provide a wide range of drugs to combat such insects. Various shampoos, sprays, ointments effectively eliminate both adults and eggs. If the problem was not noticed immediately, you should change the pillow and process things that were in contact with the scalp.
Sometimes dry scalp begins to secrete a lot of sebaceous secretion and it is mistaken for oily skin. In this case, itching intensifies during and immediately after washing the hair.
Damaged skin in contact with water and cosmetics is irritated and itches more intensely. To fix this situation is simple – you need to use special moisturizing masks and shampoos, over time, the skin condition will return to normal.
Various procedures for dyeing, lightening, building up, perming, and the use of curls and hair dryers are dried on the scalp. It is better to eliminate such negative effects on the hair or more often use moisturizing masks.
Hair itches also with nervous shocks and lack of vitamins. In this case, itching will increase in the evening and at night.
If stressful situations have happened often lately, it is worth reducing the load and introducing foods rich in calcium, vitamins A, E, B2, B3, B6, B12 into your diet, for example, dairy products, fish, fresh vegetables and fruits.
An herbal tea with mint is having many benefits. In severe cases, sedatives and ointments are used to alleviate the itching symptom.
Very often, an allergy can cause itching on the head. If a new cosmetic has been applied before the onset of the symptom, it is worthwhile to limit its use.
Improperly selected shampoo, hair mask, and sometimes the components that make up the detergent for washing clothes and bed linen, can lead to allergies. In this case, it is enough to identify the allergen and no longer use it.
If you are allergic to household chemicals often, you can use baby shampoos, anti allergic powders and products without chemical additives.
Allergies can also occur on coloring agents. Therefore, before use, you should always carry out a sensitivity test. You can use lightweight remedies (tonics) or abandon them.
Deprive the fungus
Occasionally, fungal infection can cause the itching of the hairy skin. They are quickly transmitted by contact from an infected person or animal.
In such cases, itching is accompanied by hair loss, reddening of the skin, wounds on the skin under the hair.
In the early stages, pharmaceutical shampoos help to cope with the fungus, but it is best to undergo diagnosis and comprehensive treatment with a doctor.
Seborrheic dermatitis is also quite often the cause of unpleasant itchy sensations in the hair. Impaired functioning of the sebaceous glands or a change in the composition of their secretion leads to clogging and thickening of the upper layer of skin. At the same time pathogens multiply on the surface.
Often this disease is inherited or is a consequence of violations in the work of internal organs, accompanied by reddening of the skin.
Seborrhea is dry and oily.
With dry seborrhea, the skin is very flaky, while combing it is easy to notice fine white dandruff. Hair with brittle, dull, often split ends. Also, dry seborrhea has a very pronounced itching.
Oily seborrhea cannot cause itching, but the hair looks greasy, dirty, strongly fall out. The scalp is shiny, oily, with open enlarged pores. Dandruff flakes stick together to form brown-yellow lumps.
Comprehensive treatment of seborrheic dermatitis includes medical shampoos, masks, oils, a special diet, immunomodulators and drugs. In time, not cured seborrhea turns into alopecia (severe hair loss). To return the hair in such areas cannot be.
Often, the manifestations of oily seborrhea are confused with psoriasis of the scalp, with the chronic recurrent dermatological disease, the formation of new skin, as well as the dying off of the former layers of the epidermis, is accelerated.
The body does not cope with the task of excessive proliferation of epidermal cells, begins chronic inflammation of the skin, manifested in the appearance of many red spots of various diameters, covered with white or yellowish scales, resembling dandruff larger size, pruritus.
In diabetes, the metabolism is disturbed, especially the fat metabolism, toxic substances accumulate in the body, and the immune system deteriorates.
As a result, the skin loses its elasticity, becomes rough, begins to peel off, fungal diseases develop. In addition to itching of the scalp, skin damage, pigment spots appear, hair becomes thinner, prone to loss, and the condition of the nails worsens.
Metabolic disorders affecting the condition of the scalp are also found in hypothyroidism , menopause , liver diseases, etc.
It is necessary to treat such an itch in a complex manner; for local action, washing with herbs decoctions is suitable: chamomile , train , sage, as well as cooling, soothing and antimicrobial ointments, shampoos, sprays.
Head itch can occur as a result of stroke and the diseases that cause it: severe head injury, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, etc.
The cause of pruritus is impaired blood circulation in areas of the brain that signals this unpleasant sensation.
A head massage can help in this case. Soft massaging of the skin will ensure the flow of blood and oxygen to the damaged areas, as well as relieve headaches, which often appear after a stroke.
During pregnancy and after it, metabolic processes and hormones change, sensitivity to various substances is exacerbated. Due to sudden changes in mood, sweating, and susceptibility to allergens, you may want to scratch your head.
Sometimes a specific disease, such as dermatosis, can cause itching. Its main manifestations are redness and the appearance of white bubbles.
If there is a disruption in the liver, there is a feeling of itching all over the body, such diseases can lead to pregnancy complications, so you should not delay the visit to the doctor.
To relieve the unpleasant symptoms of itchy scalp use special shampoos to reduce itching.