Hair Loss Common Causes –
- Hormonal/Genetic factors
- Dietary deficiency
Hormonal / Genetic Factors
Almost 90% hair loss in men is due to genetics or hormonal factors, it is also known as male pattern baldness or Androgenetic Alopecia. It is represented by receding of Hairline with deepening of front to temporal area followed by loss of hair from the crown. In females thinning of the front and mid-scalp usually in the form of Christmas tree pattern in advance cases.
Previously symptoms of androgenic alopecia are seen usually after the age of 30 -40 years but nowadays due to other associated factors like stress and nutritional deficiency hair fall is very common at the early age of 20 to 25 years.
A proper diet plays a major role in healthy hair growth. Hair is made up of protein Keratin so protein-rich diet should be consumed. Combination of healthy food should be taken. For vegetarians, it is mainly pulses, beans, milk and milk products. Hair fall is more common in vegetarians because their staple diet is rich in carbohydrates and fat. Yogurt is good for vitamin B12 and Calcium. You should also take the diet rich in b12, iron, and calcium. Iron is also very important nutrient which is usually deficient in Indian females and vegetarians, you should use jaggery in place of sugar and iron utensils in place of aluminum. For non-vegetarians egg and fish are also a good source of protein. Vitamin D is also deficient in 90% of the population. So sunlight is also equally important as healthy food. In certain cases for example in some of the malabsorption syndrome or in persons doing crash dieting, there could be a deficiency of protein, iron, vitamins, amino acids etc and deficiency causes severe hair loss.
Stress in any form physical or mental will lead to severe hair fall. Example of physical stress are Fever, accidents etc in such cases demand of body increases so nutrition cannot reach up to hair follicles and they go into acute telogen effluvium. Although this is a reversible condition if you take proper cares of your hair by taking food supplements.
Mental stress is known for its side effects. The release of harmful chemicals like substance P not only causes hair fall but it affects hair growth also. We all know association of Diabetes and hypertension with stress, so other body parts are also equally affected by stress.
Smoking increases the rate of baldness or male pattern baldness because it blocks our blood vessels which give nutrition to the hair roots. It causes irreversible damage to hair roots; they die in the absence of nutrition. Both active and passive smoking is dangerous. It not only affects small blood vessels (capillaries) of hair follicle but also affects capillaries of the retina and kidney. Micro-circulation is decreased and there are chances of necrosis if the very high-density hair transplant is done.
Increase the level of pollution in the atmosphere results in various health-related problems. Hair fall is one of them. We all should decrease the use of non-biodegradable products and contribute to decreasing the pollution index of the atmosphere.