Cosmetic industry is getting advanced and bringing unique solutions catering to several problems. If one idea doesn’t work for you, you always have other choices and options available. Similarly, the issue of baldness or androgenetic alopecia now offers a range of choices rather than a one-size-fits-all approach. Advances in research have introduced modern hair transplant techniques, and one such method gaining attention is Bio Hair Transplant.
Bio Hair Transplant is among such techniques that people are curious to know. Still, there is no complete information available to enlighten people about it.
The term ‘Bio’ is associated with two distinct hair restoration techniques—Biofibre Hair Transplant and Bio FUE Hair Transplant. Navigating through the available information can be confusing due to the similarities in names but differences in procedures.
To provide clarity and guide your decision-making process, we shed light on both techniques. By the end, you’ll have a clearer understanding of Biofibre Hair Transplant and Bio FUE Hair Transplant, empowering you to make an informed choice for your needs.
What is Biofibre Hair Transplant
There are times when patients ask, “Can I go for a hair transplant using someone else’s hair? Or an artificial hair implant?” This is due to personal choice or not having enough hair at the donor site. The answer is “Yes”. You can take donor hair from someone else, but you need to take an immunosuppressant lifetime, which is not possible and not practised.
Then comes a viable option which is “Biofibre Hair Transplant” or “synthetic hair transplant”. In the era of “Biofibre Hair Transplant”, a special type of Polyvinyl nylon is used to prepare fine filaments and techniques are developed to implant these on the scalp so that it looks like hair and there is no need for a donor hair follicle.
This was started long back but one should understand that these bio hair fibres, hair filaments, or bio fibres, are foreign bodies for our body. And Nature has made our body very smart that anything from outside our body or not belonging to it gets the ‘foreigner’ treatment.
At the moment these fibres enter our body, our body starts reacting. First, the cell goes and identifies if it is autologous (which means it belongs to the same body) or, if not, then what to do. Then the process of rejection and chain of reaction starts whenever a foreign body is implanted.
So when synthetic hair fibres are implanted in the skin, one should understand that some part of synthetic fibre is inside the skin and some part is coming outside(a track).
“Biofibre Hair Transplant involves implanting Artificial/Synthetic Hair fibres to the balded area.”
In the 1970s, this technique moved from Japan to the US and Brazil. However, there were problems initially. Some people who weren’t qualified, not even doctors, did the procedure. The materials used were not good, and there were no clear rules or information for patients. Because of these issues, the FDA put restrictions on the use of artificial hair implants in the USA.
Short-Lived Benefits of Biofibre Hair Transplant
- Bio Hair Transplant provides a natural and undetectable look.
- Involving no major incisions or scars.
- Unlike hair transplants, Bio Hair Transplant doesn’t rely on donor hair availability, making it suitable for individuals with limited donor areas.
- Bio Hair Transplant allows for customizable hair density, enabling individuals to achieve their desired level of thickness and coverage.
Life-long Side Effects of Biofibre Hair Transplant
- There is always communication between the Biofibre part inside and outside of the skin through the internal and external atmosphere. Thereby, a high chance of infection going continuously inside through that fibre track is there.
- This is the commonest complication that artificial/synthetic hair transplant becomes infective and starts side effects.
- Additionally, as the body perceives these synthetic particles as foreign, a chain reaction begins with the activation of phagocytes, macrophages, and inflammatory cells, ultimately resulting in the formation of infected granulomas.
- This can trigger a chain reaction involving cells like phagocytes and macrophages, leading to complications.
- In severe cases, the implanted synthetic fibres may cause necrosis of the skin. This is a condition where the skin tissue dies, and it may not be suitable for future natural hair transplants.
More about Biofibre Hair Transplant Disadvantages
Some international communities have discussed the article on synthetic hair fibres, highlighting concerns. Despite claims from various companies, these synthetic options are prone to rejection, infections, and, in severe cases, complications such as skin necrosis. Choosing such methods, while initially appearing appealing, faster, and cost-effective, may compromise the suitability of the skin for future natural hair transplants, cautioning against their use.
Now one may doubt if the body identifies and rejects foreign bodies; what about orthopaedic surgeons who implant substantial plates, devices, knee joints, and hip joints? Why aren’t these objects subjected to rejection by the body?
The question is worth it. Yet it’s essential to understand that these foreign entities remain enclosed within the body, maintaining no direct contact with the external environment.
Here the implants remain inside after incision, and the body forms a capsule around it. If it is done in a sterile atmosphere, then they never become infected.
However, in the case of hair, a segment is both within and outside the skin, creating a pathway where infections can persist.
It is good to understand that the question arising in your mind highlights the difference between implants and synthetic hair fibre.
Interesting Facts About Biofibre Hair Transplant
- The standard length of Bio Hair fibre is 15 or 30 cm to cater to multiple patient choices.
- They are available in 13 colours and three shapes (straight, wavy and curly).
- The main features required are biocompatibility, resistance to traction, absence of capillarity, resistance to physical-chemical stress, and low tissue trauma.
- It is also available in strands, with each implant comprising three hairs. This fibre is used for the crown area only, while for the front hairline, the single Biofibre is recommended.
- Biofibre Hair Transplant is not executed in patients with diabetes mellitus, hepatitis, autoimmune diseases, scalp diseases, alopecia that is not stabilized, lack of personal hygiene or employment in dusty or dirty environments.
- It is prohibited in any scalp areas with thin tissues.
- A mandatory screening is required before the procedure.
- People who have gone through a natural hair transplant and are unsatisfied with the results usually go for an artificial hair transplant.
These artificial Hair fibres are made only in Italy and Japan.
Medical Protocol Before Biofibre Hair Transplant
- As the selection of the right patients is necessary, a prior visit for a tolerance test is mandatory. This not only helps the exclusion of patients who are sensitive to fibre but also those having incompatible skin conditions.
- A patch tolerance test is taken for a month, where 100 hair fibres are implanted to know if the body rejects them or not.
- The implant technique uses tiny hooked needles. These needles reach out, grab the roots of the fibres, and place them under the scalp at a specific level called galea.
- The process happens with local anaesthesia, and about 600 fibres are put in within an hour. They start with a bit of anaesthesia, and if more is needed, it is given again.
What is a Bio Fue Hair Transplant?
The process of Bio Fue Hair Transplant involves extraction of hair follicles, creation of slits and implantation of grafts. It involves the extraction of grafts from the donor area and keeping these grafts in chilled normal saline to increase the survivability of grafts.
But, there are always chances of damage to these grafts. It can be mechanical trauma, dehydration and other problems which can occur because the grafts remain out of the body for 2-4 hours after extraction and before implantation. Especially when they are not simultaneously implanted.
This causes a bit of damage to hair grafts which may affect the results of hair transplantation in future. So, the idea of Bio powered Fue Hair Transplant came up with an advanced method.
In BIO FUE, practitioners execute the use of growth factors along with the regular FUE procedure. By adding growth factors into the chilled saline solution, the grafts gain enhanced health before implantation, reducing the chances of damage, mechanical trauma, and dehydration. Also, in BIO FUE, the growth factors are injected into donor and recipient areas, which, in turn, speed up the healing process and decrease the chances of scars in the donor area. In the recipient area, it improves the quality of implanted hair and adds growth to it, which gives them long-lasting results.
This method also helps prevent the shedding or shock associated with hair loss following a hair transplant.
Pros of Bio Fue Hair Transplant
- Natural Hair
- These hairs are extracted from DHT-proof donor sites, so they are permanent.
- Least chances of Hair Transplant Infections
- Skip the need for a scalp test.
- A one-time, efficient procedure.
- Growth factors contribute to faster healing and remarkable results.
Cons of Bio Fue Hair Transplant
- Patience is key; visible changes begin around 6-7 months, with final results emerging over 12 months.
- Result-oriented but high-priced.
- Existing hair prone to androgenetic effects may require ongoing medication for upkeep.
- Expect some mild discomfort in the initial days post-procedure.
While Biofibre presents an option with synthetic fibres, caution is advised due to potential complications. On the other hand, Bio FUE introduces advancements, offering a more natural approach with growth factors aiding healing. The choice between the two hinges on factors like permanence, cost, and patient preference.
At Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Center, we prioritize the safety and well-being of our patients, and therefore, we refrain from offering Biofibre Hair Transplant due to its intricate nature that may lead to challenging and untreatable infections.
Leveraging our extensive experience in complex surgeries under the expertise of Dr Seema and Anil Garg, we consistently advocate for the proven FUE Hair Transplant method, complemented by the beneficial addition of PRP. This approach ensures optimal results and the utmost care for our valued patients, which is also known as powered or biofue hair transplant.
As you navigate these options, prioritize informed decisions aligned with your goals and expectations. Your journey to restore confidence starts with understanding the nuances and what suits you best.