Hair transplantation is one of the most effective ways to restore hair on the scalp. It is done when there is insufficient hair on the scalp or completely absent. It is a microsurgical operation where hair follicles are removed from the donor site and implant them into the bald area of the scalp.
In the procedure, local anesthesia is sufficient, where the patient remains conscious and also don’t feel any kind of pain during the hair transplant procedure.
Depending upon the baldness stage and the graft required by the patient, the operation can last from 4 to 8 hours. As a rule, the source of follicles for transplantation is the back of the head, beard or chest.
The procedure’s effectiveness is about 90-98%. There will be no change in growth rate and structure of hair after the hair transplant. As with a closer inspection of hair, it is impossible to distinguish to know the hair transplanted with healthy normal hair.
For hair transplantation usually for the recipient area, the hair is taken from the back of the head, chest, and beard. Transplanted follicles begin to reproduce full hair in 80-120 days.
In some cases, when the patient if having allergic reactions, blood pressure, overweight or any certain diseases then the procedure is carried out under the supervision of an anesthesiologist.
Generally, the doctor takes hair from the occipital and lateral part of the head for doing hair transplantation because of the resistance of the bulbs to the negative action of dihydrotestosterone. The hair bulbs from the frontal and parietal are very sensitive which falls out usually.
When Hair Transplant Needed
Hair transplant is necessary if the person is suffering from:
Focal and diffuse alopecia
Reduce in hairline
Lack of hair in beard or mustache in men
Need high density on the scalp
Mainly People Suffer from:
Androgenic Alopecia – This problem usually happens where a person is suffering from genetic hair loss. It occurs when the hair follicles become too sensitive due to testosterone. Both men and women suffer from this problem. Men become bald, and in women, the thickness of hair reduces and the bald patches in the parietal region.
When there is no way to restore the hair and correct the appearance, then hair transplant is an effective treatment.
Preparation Required Before Hair Transplant
Before conducting a hair transplant, the doctor recommends going with a general medical check-up to eliminate the risk of contraindications.
Complete Blood count
Fasting blood sugar
SGOT and SGPT
The list of the medical test depends on the patient’s health.