Hair follicles are taken from occipital area of head and transplanted to bald area. Although hair follicles can be taken from any part of body and can be transplanted to any area of body where it is required.
There are two methods to do this. One is called STRIP METHOD/hair transplant by FUT. In this a linear incision is given and a strip of skin is taken. The incision area is closed with sutures. There is some post operative pain which is treated by analgesic tablets. Patient get a linear scar on donor .Advantage of this method is we can transplant large number of hair in one sitting and hair follicle damage is negligible.
Another method is FOLLICLE UNIT EXTRACTION / hair transplant by FUE. In this method individual follicle unit is extracted, without giving any linear incision. Instead of one long linear incision, multiple small circular scars are present after extraction of follicles.
No suture is required to close small circular cuts. After surgery there is negligible pain. Recovery period is faster. In hair transplant by FUE, donor hair can be harvested from any other part of body area. hair transplant by FUE can be done using by manual method, motorised method, SAFER method and by Robot-ARTAS method.
At Rejuvenate we have automated SAFER Machine
Robotics in hair transplantation
Robots have a number of advantages and often enhance and extend human capabilities.Their accuracy and repeatability may reach the sub-millimetre level. Automated S.A.F.E.R. (suction assisted follicle extraction replant) is a very versatile Machine. Principle of this is follicles are cut by circular knife mounted on motorised arm. The cut is given only up to sub dermal level .Then this follicle is extracted by suction mechanism. These follicles are stored in a container for subsequent transplant. Second step is implantation of follicles. There is another arm which suck and implant follicle in bald area. Advantages of SAFER are
- Reduction of transaction of follicles
- Faster extraction of follicles as compare to other hair transplant by FUE technique.
- Implantation of follicles by another hand piece.
- During entire process follicles are not touched, so no manual micro damage to follicles.
Photo I SAFER AUTOMATED MACHINE
PHOTO II ARM FOR SUCTION EXTRACTION OF FOLLICLES
Contra-angle hand piece for harvesting grafts, used with the hair transplant by F.U.E. technique.
Rotating punch (0.8, 1, 1, 1.2 mm)
Adjustable rotation speed
Precise cutting of the graft
Harvesting of grafts by aspiration, which is very rapid, precise and trauma-free.
Storage of the grafts in the micro flask
Possibility of preparing the receiving area by micro punch, with the same motor.
PHOTO III ARM FOR IMPLANTATION OF FOLLICLES
Selection of the grafts by aspiration and implantation by the pressure from the hand piece piston
High implantation precision (adjustable parameters)
Very rapid implantation without the “popping” effect
No trauma to the grafts
Possibility of two operators implanting at the same time (two hand pieces)
PHOTO IV DIGITAL PRESSURE DISPLAY TO MONITOR SPEED OF ROBOTIC MOTOR AND PRESSURE FOR EXTRACTION AND IMPLANTATION OF FOLLICLES
MECHANISM OF WOKING OF SAFER
This picture is showing hair follicle, hair in relation to skin.
HOW SAFER WORKS TO REDUCE TRANSECTION OF FOLLICLES IN COMPARISION TO CONVENTIONAL FUE DEVICES.
1. Minimum depth of penetration of punch (punch penetrates up to superficial layer of dermis) avoids or at least lower the risk of transaction even if the angle of penetration is not perfect
2. Rotation and suction allows to extract the graft without any trauma
3. Evacuation of the graft to the storage chamber.
EXTRACTED FOLLICLES BY SAFER READY FOR IMPLANTATION
- 1. What is SAFER
The meaning of SAFER is Suction Assisted Follicle Extraction & Replantation. This is a patented device use for hair transplant by FUE technique. It has two patented unique Robot arm. One is used for extraction of follicles and another Robot arm is used for implantation of follicles without touching the delicate follicles.
Digital panel controls the extraction vacuum and implantation pressure and RPM of motor.
1. Are the final transplanted ‘results’ any different with hair transplant by FUE/SAFER than those achieved with the “strip” surgery?
Results are similar. hair transplant by FUE procedures, by default, yield grafts that contain mainly one, two, three, or four follicles called “follicular units. “Strip” harvests, which are microscopically dissected by a team into grafts of one, two or three follicles, would also yield similar ‘follicular-unit’ grafts. Provided that in each case the grafts are implanted with care, artistry and precision into the recipient area, the final transplanted results with hair transplant by FUE would be similar, if not identical, to those of an accomplished surgeon performing the “strip” harvest. The difference is not in the area of hair growth, but how the donor area is harvested either by a strip of scalp or by small individual graft extractions.
2. What is the major cost differences between hair transplant by FUE and the “strip” Hair Transplant procedures?
As the cost of machine is very high and disposable used in the procedures are expensive so cost is high as compare to strip hair transplant.
3. Who is a good candidate for hair transplant by FUE using SAFER?
Indication of SAFER are same as of hair transplant by FUE .Patients who would like the option of wearing a very short haircut in the back or sides of their scalp, or those who are afraid of incision.. The SAFER hair transplant by FUE System can also be used for ‘scar camouflage’ procedures for patients who have had prior linear harvests. Good for eye brow reconstruction.
- Any side effect or complication of SAFER
There are no side effect of SAFER . Hair transplant is a very safe procedure and there is no side effect or complication as such. By SAFER hair transplant is fast, and no incision is given, and recovery time is very short.