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Swimming pool Chlorine Effects on hair

Hair care during swimming in summer needs special attention as swimming pools use more chlorine during these days,to counteract effect of increase rush in the pools. Chlorine is used as a disinfectant to kill harmful bacteria in your pool. … Here are a few things you can do to prevent chlorine damage to your hair and skin. Before getting in the pool, take a quick shower and make sure your hair is wet.

Chlorine, used in swimming pools, is bleach and it does have a damaging effect on hair. Not only does it affect the texture and colour of the hair, but it can also weaken hair at the follicle. When you swim, always rinse your hair out after every swim in clean water as chlorine and salt ruin your hair.

Swimming pool Chlorine Effects on Human hairChlorine is added to water in swimming pools and spas in order to reduce the growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses. The chlorine that is able to sanitize contaminants is called “free” chlorine. The level of “free” chlorine in swimming pool should be between 1 and 3 ppm (parts per million), and between 3 and 5 ppm for spas.

Chlorine (hypochlorous acid) reacts quickly with organic and non-organic materials present in swimming pool water. Because of its chemical activity, chlorine also affects hair of swimmers.

How does Chlorine affect Hair?

Chlorine affects hair by direct chemical reactions resulting in chemical changes to hair components, by changing physical properties of the hair, as well as by changing electrical charge of minerals bonded to hair and reacting with those minerals.

The direct chemical changes include reactions of chlorine with pigments giving hair their colour, oils covering hair and proteins forming hair shafts. The reaction of melanin pigments with chlorine results in change of hair from natural colour (blond to black) to straw colour of keratin.

Chlorine removes natural oils covering hair resulting in loss of hair shine and flexibility, as well as making them more susceptible to mechanical damage. Reaction of chlorine with keratin results in creation of water-soluble chemicals and weakens chemical bonds between fibres forming hair shafts. Also chlorine can get between the hair fibres. As the crystallization process develops inside the hair, the chlorine crystals can separate the hair fibres disrupting structural integrity of hair shaft. Once the bonds are broken, the hair becomes weak and ends of the hairs split. Chlorine salt crystallization process may also affect the hair cuticle. The cuticle is an outer layer of very hard, dead cells over the hair surface. If the chlorine gets between the scales it could push up the scales; therefore, making it rough and prone to damage or breakage. These flaked cuticles reflect light poorly and so the hair fibre looks dull, dry and may feel rough when touched

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What is the Difference between a hair and a follicle/graft.

Scalp Hair grows in natural groupings of 1 to 5 hairs. ( one graft contains 1 to 5 hair).  In hair restoration surgery the term Follicular unit graft(FU) refer to a graft that has kept intact the natural grouping of hair as seen on the surface of the scalp.

Trichoscan showing Follicular unit graft

Trichoscan showing Follicular unit graft

The distribution of natural hair groupings in each follicular unit determines the person’s hair density and this has important bearing on the outcome of hair restoration.

In individuals with normal FU density may have a low hair density if single hair follicular unit is more than multiple hair follicular units. We have done study of 300 patients at Rejuvenate hair transplant center, India to see average hair per follicular unit in central part of India. The ratio coms out to be 1:2.3, it means on an average one graft yields more than two hair

There are significant racial differences in follicular unit and hair density Caucasians and Africans have more hair per follicular unit as compare to the Asians.

You can have follicular units of one, two, three, four or sometimes 5 terminal hairs, but they are all distinct anatomic entities, so keeping them intact during the harvesting process from the donor area maximises the chances of successful regrowth once they are implanted into the recipient area of the scalp.

A follicular unit will contain a single hair or multiple hairs grouped together, and also contains sebaceous (oil) glands, nerves, a small muscle, and occasional vellus hair, which are finer than the normal scalp hair.

Micro graft is the term used for one or 2 hair graft trimmed away from larger graft for use at the hairline.

One of the important aspect of hair transplant is selecting the correct number of follicular unit for a recipient area in order create the natural look and to optimize the density – for example, the hair line zone will require many single follicle units in the first few millimetres and then double hair units; whereas filling in on the central parts of the head may benefit from units with 3 or 4 hairs.

The goal is to maximise the cosmetic impact of the transplanted hair, and to ensure optimal growth. Follicular units are also referred to as ‘grafts’, so when the surgeon speaks about the number of grafts required for a transplant he’s talking about the number of follicular units he can safely take from a donor area to cover the balding regions of the scalp.( to understand 2000 grafts yields more than 4000 hair).

Cost of hair transplant will depends on number of grafts required. The number of grafts required will depend on individual patient factors such as hair density; availability of hair in the donor area and the characteristics of that hair, as well as the degree and progression of baldness.

Hair transplant surgery prices should always be based on the number of grafts transplanted, and not the number of hairs.

There are two primary methods of taking grafts from the donor area; Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), which uses a punch-like tool to excise individual follicular units of varying sizes, and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) during which the surgeon takes a strip of scalp from the donor area at the back of the head and dissects it into individual follicular units to use for implantation.

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Hair transplant result at Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Centre Indore just in 6 months.

Hair transplant result at Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Center Indore just in 6 months.

Here we are presenting an interesting case of FUT hair transplant (3120 grafts) done in the last week of October 2016 at rejuvenate hair transplant centre, Indore.

Case history—A 27 year old male came with complains of hair loss. He wanted hair transplant. On taking detail history, there was no other illness and he was a healthy male with grade V androgenetic alopecia. His donor area was good in terms of quality, density, laxity and colour of hair.

We suggest him for 3000 grafts (6000 + hair). He wanted FUT as he didn’t want to shave his head. So  FUT Hair transplant of 3120 grafts were done by using Powered hair transplant technique. Grafts were kept in Plasma and PRP done during the procedure.

Procedure was uneventful, no pain or swelling after the procedure. We gave Ropivacaine block post procedure and also keep strip width not more than 1.5 cm in the centre and 1 cm on the lateral side .This gives very fine non detectable scar and negligible pain post operatively. This study of ours was presented in ISHRS 2016 and AHRS 2017(International and National conference of hair restoration surgeons) 

There were no additional precautions to be taken for transplanted hair.

He was very happy now as just after 6 months his profile is changed, and he will get full result in 8 to 10 moths, so expect much better. He kept this procedure secret even from his parents, now after seeing results they are also very happy.

Here are photographs of result of hair transplant just after 6 months.

Hair transplant result at Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Centre Indore just in 6 months.

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Hair Loss Resulting From Stress

Hair Loss Resulting From Stress

, Everyone gets stressed from time to time but what happens when stress becomes a regular part of daily life?  Stress can damage to the human body to any extent, from affecting our ability to cope and interact with the world around us, to more physical symptoms such as hair loss. Stress can cause a hair loss condition known as Telogen Effluvium. Trigger  for Telogen Effluvium can be anything from childbirth and pregnancy terminations to more severe emotional distress, often caused by personal traumas such as divorce, or an unexpected accident.

At any one time, around 10% of hair is naturally in its resting phase, known as the telogen phase. When a person feels intense stress – whether emotional or physical, the body releases a large amount of adrenaline; this transmits a signal to the hair follicles which causes them to enter the telogen (resting) phase early, where they stay for three months. During this phase there is no new hair growth. This results in an uneven hair growth .The final stage of the telogen phase, after around three months, is shedding to allow new hair to grow through. Consequently, around three months after the trigger incident, sudden and drastic hair loss can occur. This causes thinning hair all over the scalp. It is often a temporary condition where the hair growth returns to normal approximately six to twelve months after the event.

Hair Loss Resulting From Stress

However, in some cases it can trigger Male Pattern Baldness or Female Pattern Hair Loss in those with the ‘balding gene’. For those people already experiencing these forms of hereditary hair loss, stress can accelerate the rate of shedding. These permanent, genetic conditions may require treatment to prevent severe all-over hair thinning or baldness.

Why are women more susceptible to Telogen Effluvium?

As there are a wider possible series of triggers that affect women, it is not surprising that this condition affects females more than males. Several potential triggers of Telogen Effluvium are related to child bearing and can only be experienced by women. Far from being an unusual affliction, it’s estimated that around a fifth of new mothers experience some hair loss after giving birth, with some studies placing the figure as high as 45%.This is in sharp contrast to pregnancy, when many women notice their hair feels stronger and looks glossier, largely thanks to the influx of progesterone and oestrogen the body releases around this time. After birth, the body instantly drops these hormone levels, which can shock hair into its resting phase, causing Telogen Effluvium.The same is true of women who experience hair loss following a termination or while taking a contraceptive pill – the sudden change in hormone levels is a key trigger.

How are men affected?

There are several potential triggers which affect both sexes equally; these can include surgery, , extreme grief or stress, or some medical treatments that can cause both female and male hair loss. Undergoing major surgery places a huge strain on an individual, both physically and emotionally. Although procedures which affect the scalp, such as micrografting follicles, have an increased chance of causing Telogen Effluvium, it can be caused by any type of major surgery which causes a shock to the body. There are also a number of drugs associated with surgery, mainly blood thinners and cholesterol lowering drugs, which have hair loss as an associated symptom.

Extreme stress, sudden shock or trauma are all thought to contribute to the onset of the autoimmune condition Alopecia Areata. This presents as rounded bald spots or patches anywhere on the scalp and, whilst in this mild to moderate form alopecia areata treatment can be successful in regrowing hair, there are versions of this condition – alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis –for which an effective treatment is yet to be found.

Why Does Stress Cause Hair Loss?

As hair is considered to have a non-essential body function, the body will react to stress in a way that it considers being least harmful, hence the hair growth cycle can be affected.

How to Treat Stress-Related Hair Loss?

It is important to resolve the issue that is causing the stress or learn how to manage the stress so it has a lesser impact. Examples of how to deal with ‘small’ stresses include taking up a hobby you enjoy, exercise, meditation, spending time with friends and reading. It is important that this becomes a regular part of your routine to help the body relax and release tension. For stress that is more severe, such as divorce, workplace bullying, job loss or the death of a loved one, it is advisable to seek the help of a counselor, support group or therapist. Once the underlying stress is being managed, it is possible to use hair loss treatments to help restore the hair growth cycle to its optimum condition. There are two hair loss products that have been proven to be effective and safe. Treatment courses featuring Minoxidil (suitable for men and women) can be tailored to suit each individual and, when used alongside the correct combination of hair growth boosters, can restore normal, strong and healthy hair production. Where there is underlying genetic balding, or where stress-related hair loss has triggered male pattern baldness in men with an inherited predisposition, finasteride 1mg can also be taken. This once-a- day oral tablet is only suitable for men aged 18 and over. Whatever is causing the hair loss, trying to cope with it can add to the stress already being experienced. A specialist will be able to give you an accurate diagnosis, answer any questions you have and discuss treatment options.

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Hair care in summer

Hair care in summer, it can be a wonderful time with the sun shining and the clear blue skies. However it is not a good match for your hair. Indian summers are infamous for being harsh and humid and lasting for almost eight months. Skin care and hair care rituals grow with the coming of the summer months and you find yourself spending more time on trying to protect your hair and skin from the harsh rays of the sun. Hair becomes frizzy, limp and loses its bounciness. With the addition of pollution, it becomes dull and no longer shiny and healthy. A number of hair care tips are available to provide nourishment to your hair even under the glaring sun.

hair care in summer

  1. During summers, your hair becomes dry and fizzy. Recently, the conventional hair wisdom has been that you should not shampoo every day. But daily shampooing is good as long as you use mild shampoo (ph balanced).  In fact, in summer days, excess sebum is produced on the scalp, making hair oily. So it’s important to wash hair and gently exfoliate the scalp regularly to keep it clean and healthy. A gentle shampoo for freshness and moisture in summer helps keep your scalp and hair clean and nourished. Over shampooing strips the scalp of natural oils. Therefore it must be avoided. Instead the scalp should be kept oil-free by using shampoo in alternative days.
  2. It is important to oil your hair at least once a week during summers. Hair oil nourishes your hair and provides it with the moisture that it has lost. In order to get rid of dryness, hair should be oiled and gently massaged. You can keep it overnight and wash it off the next day.
  3. Blow drying your hair results in frizziness. Therefore it should be avoided as much as possible during summers. Instead you should let your hair dry naturally and brush it with a wide-toothed comb after it has dried. This help in untangling the hair without damaging it.
  4. Avoid tying your hair in tight rubber bands and instead let it flow freely. This reduces the accumulation of sweat on the scalp which attracts dust and pollution and leads to Itchiness.
  5. Before going out, cover your hair with a scarf to protect it from the harsh sun. Sun rays can be very harmful to your hair and skin both. Therefore it should be kept covered. Also, you should never step out of the house without any sunscreen.  
  6. Drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated.
  7. It is important to take at least 10 minutes out of your regular schedule and devote time to your hair and skin in order to avoid a lifetime of damage.
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Hair transplant Some important facts

Hair transplant Some important facts

  1. Have reasonable expectations- remember that donor hair is limited, so unlimited hair transplant is not possible.
  2. Discuss your option with your hair transplant surgeon to understand what can be achieved and what cannot be achieved.
  3. Understand that most patients need combination approaches; drugs, hair transplantation. Remember hair loss is a continuous process where as Hair transplantation is a one day event. Hair transplant corrects the baldness which has happened-it can’t prevent hair loss in future.
  4. Drugs are useful therefore to prevent future hair loss. However, none of the drugs are a cure for baldness-


    THERE IS NO MEDICAL DRUG CURE FOR BALDNESS- DO NOT EXPECT THIS.
  1. Do not be excessively worried about side effects by reading individual opinions- the drugs available have been in use for decades. Discuss with your doctor about these side effects. Read authoritative websites such as ishrs.org or FDA IN USA or ahrsindia.org.
  2. Do not resort to unsubstantiated treatments without seeking proof; eg. Apple stem cells, mesotherapy with injections. Remember; if hairs could be grown easily, there would be no bald men in the world.
  3. Don’t be misled by advertisements which have exaggerated content; some examples include “unlimited hairs” scar less transplant”
  4. Don’t be too confused about FUT and FUE- after all these are only methods for donor hair harvesting; REMEMBER-you are doing HT to get results in front or the bald area. What is important is to first determine which method gives you best results to cover the front area. Discuss the option with the doctor and with his assessment opt for the best method, suited to you.
  5. Take care of grafts properly after the HT. adhere to the instructions.
  6. Do not be too anxious about the growth of hairs after HT-the hairs take time for growth- doesn’t asses it by days or weeks. Be patient.
  7. Any issues or side effects, consult your doctor. Do not jump into conclusions. Remember – most hair transplant are without side effects-even if they occur they are minor.
  8. Always have a plan for future. Hair loss is not to be treated in one session or one visit. It needs planning, understanding and execution.
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Can Hair Transplant be done in a Diabetic patient

Hair transplant either by FUT or by FUE can be done very well in a diabetic patient and it is safe also if his blood sugar level is controlled. Result of Hair transplant are as good as non-diabetic patient. Diabetes is not a contra indication for Hair restoration. Any diabetic patient with his controlled blood sugar is as normal as common man; he can undergo any major surgery like heart surgery and minor surgery like hair transplant.

If blood sugar level is normal than hair transplant is going to be successful. Only precaution he needs is to take care of his blood sugar level.

During the procedure:

Hair transplant procedure takes from 6 to 8 hours and sometimes it is exhausting to patients because of the anxiety and anaesthesia. In short hair transplant procedure leads to the increase in the levels of cortisol and glucagon and the growth hormone so on so forth, all these hormones lead to the increase of sugar levels. Anxiety could also lead to increasing blood sugar levels. That is why diabetic patients normally need higher standards of treatment.

So in order to perform hair transplant procedures to diabetic patients the following requirements are a must:

Regular and practical monitoring to the blood sugar level, which means waiting for a blood sample to be taken to the laboratory and brought back the next day, is not needed.

The doctor performing the hair transplant procedure should follow up with his patient in the healing phase and continuous follow up until full recovery.

He should follow some general instructions which are applied to all diabetic patient—

  1. Eat healthy.
  2. Exercise. Having an active lifestyle helps you control your diabetes by bringing down your blood sugar. Your goal should be 30 minutes of activity that makes you sweat and breathe little harder most days of the week.
  3. Get check-ups. If you’re not getting regular checkups, now’s the time to start. See your doctor at least twice a year.
  4. Manage stress. When you’re stressed, your blood sugar levels go up. And when you’re anxious, you may not manage your diabetes well. You may forget to exercise, eat right, or take your prescribed drugs. Find ways to relieve stress — through deep breathing, yoga, or hobbies that relax you.
  5. Stop smoking..
  6. Watch your alcohol. Avoiding excess alcohol may make it easier to control your blood sugar. Drinking alcohol can make your blood sugar go too high or too low.

Result of hair transplant in a diabetic patient-

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Love Your Hair and Make It Grow Thick

Love Your Hair and Make It Grow Thick, Stress or worry is one of the biggest causes of hair loss. It literally squeezes the life out of your hair follicles and results in hair loss And that causes you more stress. So it’s a never ending cycle and you got to break free from it. So how do you do it?

The only way you can get your hair back is by not getting upset or fussed about hair loss. This doesn’t mean you stop caring for it. You care, but not get obsessive about it. Not look into mirror ever hour and check whether your hair has grown or not.

How is that possible? When you’re losing tons of hair and start to feel ugly and think no one’s going to like me, or what will my friends think. That is exactly when you must let go of hair mania and accept yourself the way you are. Acceptance doesn’t mean you give up. It means you are at peace with reality.

One way to calm down instantly is by bringing your focus to your Breath. You will notice that it is shallow and fast. Sit on a chair and start to focus on your breathing. Just watch your breath go in and out. Do that for 5 minutes or so.

This will help you reconnect with your present work and will break you from Oh my poor hair or victim cycle.

Let go of the idea of perfect hair.

  • Take care of hair without being too attached to the result. If it grows fine It’s just hair and I am not dying without it.
  • A few months after, just when you stopped being mad about hair It will start to grow back. And will become healthier and thicker.

Be Happy Now and Enjoy Your Life

We always postpone our happiness to tomorrow. We look at happiness as something that will come after we achieve certain thing: If I get gorgeous hair that turns heads I will be really happyOr if I get: a nice home, a perfect partner, the dream job… I will be truly happy.

But when we get these goals, instead of being happy and celebrating our achievements, we are often looking forward to being happy when we meet our next goal.

Happiness is not something that will happen to us if things go well. Happiness is here, now, with things the way they are, with your hair thick or thin.

Reminds me of this beautiful quote by Swami Satchidananda

When you go after something hoping that it will make you happy by getting it, you have already traded away your peace.

Do you want to be happy now? Practice gratitude.

Be grateful for what’s in your lives. It helps us to appreciate all the beautiful things we already have, and what we have received, and the people who love us or who have helped us. Spending time in nature is another great way to connect with peace and happiness. Go take a walk each day in a park or woods. Or find a water body – pond, lake, river, sea – and spend some time taking a look at it.

When we look at nature we never think oh this tree should be a little slim or it should have more branches, we accept it the way it is. Love it the way it is. So why be so harsh on over selves? Don’t be. You are just perfect and your hair is beautiful the way it is.

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BEARD TO SCALP HAIR TRANSPLANT

Scalp hair transplant by FUE using facial hair might be a great solution for the patients who have a mismatch of donor hair supply and recipient demand.  This is often seen in advanced stages of hair loss with very limited and poor quality donor hair. Men with male pattern baldness who have good quality donor hair usually have an adequate number of grafts to restore all or most of the balding areas.  However, when donor hair is fine with low density, extra grafts are required to fulfil the demand, Beard is very good option .Unlike scalp hair; beard hair is usually much thicker.  The thicker hair shaft provides more volume after the transplant which is crucial for people with recipient/donor mismatch; even grey hair can be taken by FUE

With the rise of new and more efficient methods of hair extraction through FUE more options are becoming available to us for expanding the donor hair reserve of balding patients.  Extracting hair from a beard or facial hair extraction can give us a generous source of quality hair that could be used to restore scalp hair.

Facial hair is considered unwanted in many men who shave their faces every day and removing it won’t make any difference in their faces. Many men report spending less time shaving their faces on a regular basis which is a plus for them.

Techniques

Beard to scalp hair transplant is one of the newest methods of hair transplantation that has been becoming more popular thanks to the advanced techniques of FUE transplantation. ,Very small size punches are used for beard resulting in no scar. The new extraction methods through FUE procedure has helped us be able to harvest beard hair intact and transplant it to the balding areas.
Beard hair is a great source for people with advanced stages of hair loss or the ones that don’t have a good quality donor hair from their scalp.

Results

Facial hair stays in growth phase (anagen) for long periods and goes to resting phase (telogen) for a short time in comparison to hair from other parts of the body.  This means that every transplanted facial hair is going to have a growing hair follicle most of the time.  This allows facial hair to stay in place for a longer time and grow a longer hair shaft which adds to the bulk of transplanted hair.  Thicker hair shaft of beard hair also provides more volume in the transplanted area.

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What is PRP, It is done for Hair or Skin, Is there any side effect of this therapy ?

PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP) -Platelet Rich Plasma is concentrated blood plasma which contains approximately three to five times the number of platelets found in normal circulating blood. PRP therapy is a revolutionary method to overcome the problem of hair loss and wrinkles on the face. It has no Side effects.

 

PRP therapy is adopted for glowing skin and long thick hair of both women and men. Due to change in lifestyle and nutritional deficiencies in the body it is very essential to take care of your hair and skin. With increasing age, the lack of collagen in the skin increases the problem of wrinkles and defective life style or other factor like stress increases hair fall problems. If you are bothered by this problem, follow these PRP therapy.

What is PRP Therapy?

Platelet Rich Plasma  contains various growth factors like platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Transforming growth factor(TGF) and other bioactive proteins that aid in hair loss and wound healing. This therapy is effective for our hair problems as well as for skin rejuvenation.

Method of PRP therapy  at Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Center.

  • First of all withdrawal of 23cc of blood in syringe having ACD solution (Anti Coagulant).
  • Then put blood in sterile test tube.
  • Put the test tube in refrigerated centrifuge machine for 13 minutes at 3000 RPM.
  • Plasma is separated and put again for second spin for 8 minutes at 5000 RPM.
  • White platelet concentration at bottom which is aspirated.

PRP is activated with DNA activators (Thrombin) and enriched with Calcium ions (e.g. Calcium Chloride).

Then this activated PRP is injected into the scalp with fine needle. PRP is done at the interval of 2 months and atleast 4 to 6  Sittings are needed. If PRP is done for face (for wrinkles) It is also known as vampire facial.

Benefits for hair loss: In the medical treatment of male and female pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia). PRP can be injected into the balding scalp to potentially stimulating thin (miniaturized) hair to grow into thicker (terminal) hairs and it improves quality of hairs. Patients with thinning, but not totally bald area, would be the best candidates.

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